World Cancer Day: Never ignore these signs of thyroid cancer


Fluctuations in thyroid hormone can progress to obesity and thyroid cancer. Here is a complete guide that you can refer to and avoid risk.

Understanding the link between weight and thyroid is crucial, as obesity increases the risk of thyroid cancer. Typically, a higher body mass index (BMI) in adulthood is associated with an increased risk of thyroid cancer and death from it. However, weight gain is the main reason why the thyroid is slow and sluggish.

A better approach in such cases may be to lose weight as the first treatment and not to treat the thyroid itself. The good news is that thyroid cancer can be cured. Most thyroid cancers are benign. They may be detected during a routine examination or when examinations are performed for a reason other than the thyroid itself. There are usually no specific causes for most. However, there are some risk factors that can be predisposed to thyroid cancer.

Prevent thyroid cancer by acting on its early signs. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Here are some factors that can increase your risk of thyroid cancer:

  1. Female gender is one of the important risk factors. Thyroid hormone imbalance is more common in women.
  2. Another risk factor is exposure to high levels of radiation. Head and neck radiotherapy for various other treatments may increase the risk of developing thyroid cancer.
  3. Family history of thyroid cancer or thyroid disease. In addition to these, there are some hereditary genetic syndromes (familial). For example, medullary thyroid cancer can occur in some families. There may be a history of goiter (enlarged thyroid).
  4. Obese and overweight individuals are at higher risk of developing thyroid disorders than people who are not overweight. In addition, the risk appears to increase with increasing body mass index (BMI).

Symptoms and signs of thyroid cancer to look out for:

  1. Cat cancer it grows in the thyroid, it can cause a lump (nodule) that can be felt through the skin on the neck.
  2. A change in voice (increased hoarseness) is another such symptom that should not be ignored.
  3. Difficulty swallowing may be due to underlying inflammation of the thyroid gland.
  4. Neck and throat pain or swollen lymph nodes are one such sign to look out for.
  5. A cough that persists and is not caused by a cold may be due to a thyroid disorder.
thyroid cancerThis small gland located in your throat needs regular checkups. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

How to prevent thyroid disorders:

  1. People with a familial gene mutation increase their risk of medullary thyroid cancer. If you are one of such individuals, you may want to consider thyroid surgery to prevent cancer (prophylactic thyroidectomy).
  2. For people who live near nuclear power plants, prevention can mean taking medication. It blocks the effects of radiation on the thyroid gland.
  3. There are various risk factors and the link between thyroid problems and weight gain. Therefore, it will be helpful to keep your weight under control.




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