China has built infrastructure on Nepalese territory, according to a disclosed report by the Nepalese government, the latest act of Beijing’s aggression along its southern border.
A Kathmandu fact-finding team has discovered that Chinese security forces have built a road and canal in Nepal’s Humla district, which shares a disputed border with China.
Beijing has also restricted Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimages on the Nepalese side of the border in a place called Lalungjong and prevented Nepali farmers from accessing border pastures.
China has faced repeated accusations that it is using its superior military to seize strategically important territory from its Himalayan neighbors, including Nepal, India and Bhutan.
In 2020, a Telegraph the investigation found that China allegedly annexed 150 hectares of Nepalese land from five counties, including Humla.
Soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army moved the stone pillars that demarcated the border of the two nations further into Nepal and then built alleged military bases within the former territory of Nepal.
The Nepalese government has not responded to our findings. The leaked report is Kathmandu’s first recognition of China’s intervention in Nepal.
Control of major Himalayan peaks and mountain passes is crucial to establishing China’s military supremacy in the region. In particular, it allows Beijing to monitor who is moving its disputed southern border and stop the infiltration of Indian intelligence officials.
Relations between China and India, two nuclear-armed superpowers, are the worst since the two countries agreed in 1962 on an awkward ceasefire to end months of conflict.
In 2020, Chinese troops seized 60 square kilometers of territory in the western Indian border state of Ladakh after a deadly hand-to-hand conflict in which at least 20 Indian soldiers died.
The current peace negotiations have remained uncertain. China continues to strengthen its troops on its side of the border, and India has joined the Quad military alliance along with the United States, Japan and Australia, promising to curb growing Chinese aggression in the Indo-Pacific.
However, Beijing seems to have an advantage at the moment, as PLA troops are also accused of building villages and kidnapping civilians within the eastern Indian border state of Arunachal Pradesh. China is also expected to build four villages in 2021 on territory belonging to the small Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan.
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