Ectopic pregnancy occurs when an egg is implanted outside the uterus. Here’s how to deal with this complicated pregnancy.
When a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, it is called an ectopic pregnancy. The fertilized egg is implanted and matures in the uterus during a normal pregnancy. On the other hand, a fertilized egg does not reach the uterus in this complicated pregnancy. It is implanted in another place, most commonly in the fallopian tube, and such a pregnancy is known as “fallopian tube pregnancy”. Ectopic pregnancy can even occur in the ovaries, cervix or abdomen.
One of the key reasons why a fertilized egg does not move quickly down the fallopian tube is a blocked fallopian tube. Infection or inflammation is the most common cause of tube obstruction. The tube can also potentially block scar tissue after previous abdominal surgery or fallopian tube surgery.
When does an ectopic pregnancy occur?
- There is a previous history of ectopic pregnancy.
- The woman had infections such as pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic surgery, most commonly due to tuberculosis.
- If the mother had tubal reconstruction and recanalization surgery.
- Increased use contraceptives as CU T, LNG-IUD.
- If the woman had problems conceiving or had infertility treatment.
- A woman is a strong smoker
Below are some initial indicators of an ectopic pregnancy:
- Anoreoria oz vaginal bleeding this is not normal
- Lower back pain
- Mild pain in the abdomen or pelvis
- Tightness in the pelvic area, especially on one side
For a woman carrying a baby, an ectopic pregnancy can be risky. As the pregnancy progresses, the organ into which it is implanted may rupture. This can cause significant internal bleeding. Therefore, it is very important to detect an ectopic pregnancy early.
How to deal with ectopic pregnancy?
Although ectopic pregnancies cannot be prevented, women can reduce some risk factors. Women trying to conceive should refrain from smoking. Those who smoke should plan to quit smoking before they become pregnant. After conception, a woman needs to contact her doctor regularly so that this complicated pregnancy can be detected early.
If an ectopic pregnancy is detected, it should be terminated. This can be achieved with medication or surgery. The drug prevents cell growth and stops pregnancy. The body then absorbs the extrauterine tissue. Some ectopic pregnancies require surgery. These include those that are not detected early enough or cause a rupture of the pelvic organ. Laparoscopy is the most common method of surgery in such pregnancies. Sometimes a doctor may also need to remove the fallopian tube or other organ if it has ruptured.